Archeology of Lugo

Although what we know most about Lucus Augusti is his wall, nowadays, and thanks to archeology, we know many more things.

Founded by Faulo Fabio Máximo, Augusto's legacy, between the years 15-13 B.C., Lucus Augusti, had its forum in the highest part of the city, between the current streets of Progreso, Raiña, San Pedro and Plaza de Santo Domingo. From the forum came the main streets, the cardo and the decumano, from which departed others in which a series of buildings were organized, both of a public nature (thermal complexes, squares or temples) and private.

 

It also had an aqueduct that carried running water to the city from the area of Castiñeiro, where in situ remains are preserved, and from there, passing through the current Plaza de la Milagrosa, it reached Plaza del Ferrol and San Marcos, finally, in the Plaza de Santo Domingo, the water was poured into a reservoir that distributed the water to the rest of the city.

Until the construction of its wall at the end of the 3rd century, Lucus Augusti was an open city, without a defensive enclosure; and it had different thermal complexes, in addition to the well-known thermal baths of the Miño river, next to the bridge.

Due to the excavations realized in the last years, we know the importance of its pottery production, since more than forty ceramic kilns have been located, with different workshops, which turned Lucus Augusti into the main ceramic producer center of the peninsular northwest between the centuries I and VI.

In recent years, important discoveries have been made such as the so-called Domus del Mitreo, magnificent example of domus altoimperial lucense, which also has a temple dedicated to Mitra, all preserved in extraordinary conditions.

Finally, we also know the place venerated their dead, because they have located different necropolis, from the early, as were the incinerations (Plaza del Ferrol); until the later ones, as they were the inhumations, the located ones in their majority in the zone that occupies the present Plaza de la Constitución, bus station, Mosquera and San Roque.